sharing my experiences in crafting an educational id & inviting you to hitch me (Please be happy to offer suggestions, share your concepts and insights, and contribute to my writing!

Hey all people,

I’m excited that I’ve determined to share my reflections on my writing growth and crafting an educational id  over time in my doctoral program! I hope this expertise might be useful to you as a lot will probably be to me! I invite you to share concepts, present your insights, give feedback on my writing and experiences please! I sit up for listening to from you!

First, I wish to begin sharing some elements of my earlier writings about how I’m crafting a number of cultural and tutorial identities:

Creating a constructive id as an expert scholar is an important process for a doctoral pupil (Austin & McDaniels, 2006). College students who expertise two completely different cultures particularly with minority standing, might really feel caught between the dynamics of those cultures, and have a conflicting self id, values, attitudes, beliefs, or loyalty to a specific cultural group, which can be problematic (Lee, 2006).  Doctoral college students, particularly worldwide college students, must be adequately ready to navigate the complete vary of roles and identities that comprise tutorial discourses. Located in a social and cultural perspective, the speculation of multi-literacies suggests that folks take part and work together by means of many modes of communication (e.g., e mail, blogs, twitter), and have interaction in particular tutorial {and professional} discourses. Moje and Luke (2009) argue that tutorial id is formed by sure sorts of discourses and literacy practices; in the identical method, the methods during which we talk, and are engaged in discourses can have an effect on how we’re acknowledged as human beings, and the way we craft our identities particularly for individuals who expertise life as minorities on the idea of racial, ethnic, spiritual, or different social classes (Pufall-Jones & Mistry, 2010). This paper addresses my very own continuous journey in direction of crafting an educational id by means of the lenses of biliteracy and multiliteracies. Nancy Hornberger defines biliteracy as a continuum: ‘any and all situations during which communication happens in two (or extra) languages in or round writing’ (Hornberger, 1990: 213); and the notion of continuum is meant to convey that though one can establish (and title) factors on the continuum, these factors are usually not finite, static, or discrete. On this paper, I focus on the importance of biliteracy, how residing in fixed state of transition and overlapping cultural representations between Turkey and US considerably shapes my self-awareness between two cultures. In flip, this self-awareness shapes how I take part in tutorial {and professional} actions and discourses, that contribute to my bicultural and biliterate tutorial identities. 


Altering the perceptions about literacy and me as a literate individual:

the aim for this presentation:

I studied in an English medium college, in different phrases, a college that supported biliteracy.  Biliteracy, as theoretically framed by Hornberger (1989),  is  considered because of overlapping interactions between its contexts (i.e., micro-macro stage, oral-literate, and the monolingual-bilingual ranges).  Though dimensions of bilingualism and literacy are expressed in polar opposites similar to Ll versus L2, monolingual versus bilingual, oral versus literate, when biliteracy is taken into account, these continua are interrelated dimensions of a extremely advanced complete.

Beginning my doctoral diploma within the USA, I needed to perform as a biliterate individual in an educational surroundings—I used to be from Turkey, however now residing within the US. This made me query all my earlier notions and definitions about literacy and biliteracy. In Turkey, in English as a International Language (EFL) contexts—literacy technically means “studying” and “writing”. Nonetheless, as a biliterate worldwide pupil, I spotted that speaking in one other language was not solely about studying and writing for tutorial functions, but in addition concerned social and cultural issues. Being biliterate meant that I needed to be taught concerning the US tradition which shapes my expression, and considering, and seeing the world. As a doctoral pupil, I mirrored on how I perform and carry out in particular discourses (as   against the contexts during which I take advantage of my native language), and always in contrast my literacy practices in these two cultures, the worth folks hooked up to those practices, and the ideologies that encompass them.


How am I Redefining literacy?

Once I was requested to outline “literacy” in a doctoral course, at first I couldn’t perceive why the time period wanted to be redefined I understood it from a cognitive perspective as I had discovered it in Turkey—studying and writing–and separated it from its social context. Nonetheless, I spotted from completely different class readings and discussions with contributors from various multi-cultural environments that completely different cultures worth completely different literacy expertise and that literacy can’t be divorced from the tradition during which it’s embedded. In Gee’s (1996) phrases, “folks don’t learn and write to interact in summary processes; somewhat they learn and write specific texts of specific sorts, particularly methods as a result of they maintain specific values”.  The best way sure societies use a variety of texts, together with multimodal, can differ throughout cultures and their associated contexts. My id as an junior scholar started to emerge as I learn and interacted with others about what literacy is, my very own biliterate assumptions about language, and the probabilities of crafting an educational id that was social, cultural, and multimodal.

Why do I embrace multiliteracies / multimodality as a analysis curiosity?

Brian Avenue (1984)  argued that literacy practices depend upon the context, and they’re already embedded in an ideology and can’t be remoted or handled as impartial. Due to this fact, it made extra sense to me to embrace “multimodality” and “multiliteracies” to border my very own analysis pursuits.

Multimodality refers to many modes that comprise the best way folks talk, and multiliteracies refers to “the numerous and various ways in which folks learn and write of their lives” (Purcell-Gates, 2002, p. 376).  A idea of multiliteracies considers agendas that advocate social change.  As a result of my goal is to supply equal and democratic schooling for all, a idea of multiliteracies has a possible of cultivating biliterate identities by tapping in folks’s cultural capital or “funds of information” (Molls et al., 1992), whereas multimodality permits me to precise which means throughout modes (not simply studying and writing). Thus, I can empower biliterate identities for myself in addition to others.


Crafting my id by means of conferences

When occupied with crafting my id as a scholar, I’ve famous a number of understandings about idea and apply which have formed my journey. Sociolinguists like Avenue and Gee recommend that literacies are greater than a way for sharing data; they’re intimately related with id, or what Gee calls Discourse. Discourses are id kits that embody not solely spoken and written language and different technique of symbolic expression, but in addition points of id like gown, physique language, and actions that sign underlying beliefs and values of a neighborhood. As such, I perceive the multiplicity of cultural identities which can be expressed by means of literacies, and my attendance at skilled conferences. I’ve participated in native, nationwide, and worldwide conferences; every has its personal discourse communities. Moreover conveying the content material of my presentation, I find out how students work together with contributors by means of spoken language, after I ought to reply to audio system, and what kinds of questions contributors ask.  I additionally discover different communication similar to dressing, gestures, and manners. I find out how folks from various cultures negotiate completely different discourses and respect one another, thereby painting assured profiles in these intercultural and tutorial areas.


A second method my tutorial id is formed is thru my participation in scholarly organizations together with Alpha Upsilon Alpha Honor Society (AUA), Worldwide Studying Affiliation, Georgia TESOL, Lecturers of English to Audio system of Different Languages Inc. (TESOL), American Academic Analysis Affiliation (AERA), and Center East Institute. For me, scholarship is basically social. At GSU, AUA, which is a management group, permits me to take part in a neighborhood of learners who present me with a really socialized surroundings for my scholarship.  My energetic engagement with these skilled communities reinforces my skilled id. For instance, I overview convention proposals, [YY2] and develop what Bonny Norton calls an “imagined id” as a future editor of a well known journal[YY3] . Additionally, my creating relationships with my tutorial advisor and school, pals, household, and tutorial networking websites on-line present me the assist for navigating by means of completely different cultures and forming a scholarly id.


Shaping an educational writerly id for publications:

Membership in organizations and taking alternatives that my advisor and different professors provide is a 3rd method that assist me form an educational id as a author. For instance, yearly, we as members of AUA host an writing retreat to  develop identities as scholarly writers. We’re writing a manuscript that focuses on how AUA is cohesively aligned to doctoral necessities and serves as a significant assist to college students within the areas of scholarship, management, and repair. I additionally work with my advisor and different professors on analysis and write in direction of publication. For instance, I’m the Media Facilitator for International Dialog in Literacy Analysis (GCLR) analysis workforce[YY4] . On this function I edit and average seminars and write biographies for the web site. In April 2014, I’ll average Brian Avenue’s seminar. This can be a big honor and contributes to shaping my tutorial {and professional} id. Furthermore, I write my very own weblog the place I talk with different professionals and obtain suggestions.  I agree with Kirkup (2010) that “running a blog [YY5] might play a helpful function in skilled growth ” (p. 76). I attain an instantaneous viewers from all all over the world. I additionally take part in a number of ESL communities on-line the place I share my assets. I notice that skilled identities may be bolstered not solely with actual folks in fast, native instructional settings, but in addition with digital folks in world platforms similar to ELT and literacy communities on-line. Briefly, I depend on a number of people for assist past my tutorial advisors or friends. Participation in these discourse communities as a author enriches my life, information, and private capability but in addition that of those that are concerned within the exchanges as properly.

Bettering my id as a world and native employee by means of tutorial and private connections:

Advisor assist was related to a stronger sense of belonging and tutorial self-concept (Cutin et al., 2013). My advisors usually disbursed skilled and socializing recommendation, and even emotional assist for me. My constructive relationships with them have been key points of satisfaction within the doctoral program, and the event of my skilled id. They handled me as a junior colleague, not as a pupil. I used to be lucky to work with two tutorial advisors who come from completely different cultural backgrounds, Korea and Bahamas, as they contributed to my native and world views as a candidate instructor educator. For instance, one of many advices that I obtained was to outline myself and different non-native audio system as multilingual folks somewhat than learners or academics of English as a Second Language. I understood what my advisor meant after I learn concerning the deficit views related to the time period English as a Second Language. I spotted that accepting English as my second language didn’t assist achieve extra competent view of myself as a candidate instructor educator who would train in English in a context completely different than my house tradition. I questioned the dichotomies of non-native versus native speaker (Canagarajah, 2007). I made a decision that buying a multilingual id was essential for my success in America, which was a part of the worldwide neighborhood (Yi, 2013).

My second advisor taught me how I ought to acknowledge the ability of language in each native and world contexts similar to house and faculty if my aim was to contribute to democratic schooling (Tinker Sachs, upcoming). I understood that being profitable can’t be achieved solely by creating native identities but in addition by being formed as a world employee. For instance, one inspiring dialog together with her occurred when she described how she visited native communities similar to immigrant dad and mom, listened to their issues, recognized what was highly effective about them by being a superb observer, and introduced their tales to classroom, leaving the deficit lenses behind.  I additionally discovered that appreciation of variations within the native context doesn’t imply that I wanted to disregard global-mindedness on the planet. I’ve a world id as properly as a result of I acknowledged some similarities in varied native communities. For instance, I assist culturally responsive pedagogies and curriculum like my two advisors and plenty of different professors on the planet. This recognition assist enhance my sense of belonging in tutorial communities. I’ve the flexibility to take part in a neighborhood dialog at one city faculty within the US as a result of I do know, learn and be taught extra about their tradition. On the identical time, I can participate in a global neighborhood, or a bunch with worldwide views, and share my concepts for the aim of social justice as I did in one among my lessons this semester.

Other than tutorial connections, my private relationships bolstered my tutorial and cultural id. I’m married with an American, which helped higher understanding of the goal tradition as a result of I had an opportunity of discussing my confusions, tensions, or conflicts between Turkish and American tradition with my husband. As well as, my private reference to pals helps my journey. For instance, I belong to a Fb group whose members are all Ph.D college students on the identical program that I’m enrolled at my college. On this “Crucial pals group” (Franzak, 2002), we share our assets, ask one another questions, and provides recommendation on easy methods to progress with our schedule or the educational program. The theoretical basis for Crucial Buddies Teams is that academics belonging to a bunch be taught to collaborate by taking part in skilled growth actions similar to analyzing pupil and instructor work (Franzak, 2002). Though we don’t overview our tutorial work on this group, we nonetheless assist one another by speaking concerning the problems with coursework, schedules, assignments, and every other topic associated with social and tutorial life. In different phrases, by means of this vital group, I discovered a secure place the place my voice joined with others to work by means of my very own tutorial and social id disaster.

Being an built-in scholar by means of tutorial and private connections:

Once I began my doctoral diploma, schooling was just one a part of my life; however now I perceive that changing into an actual scholar resides  the scholarship in each side of life: private, social, and tutorial. Accordingly, I’ve begun to see myself as an built-in scholar, which implies that I keep professionalism in each side of my life, and dedicate myself to a course of life-long studying, and advance the function of establishments that I work for in educating, serving, and provoking the others.



In conclusion, I’ll proceed making an attempt on a number of skilled selves to see how properly they match me. I acknowledge that changing into an educator and a job mannequin for future students in my discipline is an evolving course of. Id formation is evolving and fluid as properly. My goal is to be accountable, imaginative, insightful, rigorous, and dedicated in my social and tutorial roles. In gentle of analysis in how universities outline the professions and a number of identities (Brint, 1994), hopefully, this paper will assist and prolong scholarship within the space of worldwide college students’ bicultural self-efficacy.


Austin, A. E., & McDaniels, M. (2006). Utilizing doctoral schooling to arrange school to work inside Boyer’s 4 domains of scholarship. In J. M. Braxton (Ed.), Analyzing school work and rewards: Utilizing Boyer’s 4 domains of scholarship. New Instructions for Institutional Analysis, No. 129. (pp. 51-65). San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Brint, S. (1994). In an age of consultants: The altering function of execs in politics and public life. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton College Press.

Canagarajah, A. S. (2007). Lingua Frannca English, multilingual communities, and language acquisition. Trendy Language Journal, 91: 923-939.

Franzak, J. Okay. (2002). Creating a instructor id: The impression of vital pals apply on the coed instructor. English Schooling, 34(4), 258-280.

Gee, J. P. (1996). Social linguistics and literacies: Ideology in Discourses. (2nd Ed.). London: Taylor & Francis.

Hornberger, N. (1989).  Continua of biliteracy. Evaluation of Academic Analysis, 59 (3),                   271-296.

Kirkup, G. (2010). Tutorial running a blog: tutorial apply and tutorial id. London Evaluation Of Schooling, 8(1), 75-84.

Moje, E. B., & Luke, A. (2009). Literacy and id: Inspecting the metaphors in historical past and up to date analysis. Studying Analysis Quarterly, 44(4), 415–437.

Moll, L.C., Amanti, C., Neff, D., & Gonzalez, N. (1992). Funds of information for educating: Utilizing a qualitative method to attach properties and school rooms. Idea Into Follow, (31)2, 132–141.

Norton, B. (2001). Non-participation, imagined communities, and the language classroom. In M. Breen (Ed.), Learner contributions to language studying: New instructions in analysis (pp. 159-171). Harlow, England: Pearson Schooling.

Pufall-Jones, E., & Mistry, J. (2010). Navigating throughout cultures: Narrative constructions of lived experiences. Journal Of Ethnographic & Qualitative Analysis, 4(3), 151-167.

Purcell-Gates, V. (2002). A number of literacies.. In B.J. Guzzetti (Ed.). Literacy in America: An encyclopedia of historical past, idea and apply. (pp. 376-380). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO.

Avenue, B. V. (1984). Literacy in idea and apply. NY: Cambridge College press. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Tinker Sachs, G. (forthcoming). You might be one among us. Forging the event of dialogic communities of apply within the Bahamas. In C. Leung, J. Richards & C. Lassonde (Eds.), Worldwide collaboration in literacy analysis apply, (Chapter 13). Info Age Publishing.

Yi, Y. (2013). Adolescent multilingual author’s negotiation of a number of identities and entry to tutorial writing: A case examine of a Jogi Yuhak pupil in an American highschool. Canadian Trendy Language Evaluation, 69(2), 207-231.


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Is Huge Information Corrupting the U.S. Election Course of?

As the 2020 election cycle ramps up, voters can expect a flurry of targeted advertisements fueled by big data on their doorsteps, inboxes and social media feeds. While microtargeting based on demographic information is not a new trend in campaign strategy, campaigns traditionally relied on analyzing voter behavior within broader categories such as age or gender before big data was easily accessible.

Molly Kozlowski

立中式速繪 動態姿勢繪圖技巧 ポーズが描ければ 動きも描ける たてなか流クイックスケッチ

作者: 立中順平  
出版社:楓書坊 |譯者: 游若琪
規格:平裝 / 217頁 / 19 x 25.7 x 1.08 cm / 普通級 / 部份全彩 / 初版
購買請點我【 博客來書店
◆注意,如果有瀏覽器有安裝檔廣告的程式 連接AP 有可能失效◆ 

  ➊ 建立正確的心態
  ➋ 練習簡單畫全身的速繪技巧▁▁火柴人練習
  ⑴ 將全身分成15個部位,
  「頭 部、胸部、骨盤」是橢圓形。
  ⑵ 注意基本結構,不要注意輪廓和細節
  ⑶ 立體化
  ⑷ 創造不對稱平衡
  1993年開始在Disney Animation Japan擔任動畫師。
  後來進入Answer Studio,目前是自由工作者。
  曾參與《跳跳虎歷險記》(Disney)、《棒球大聯盟》(電視版)、《鑽石王牌》、《YURI !!!on ICE》、《佐賀偶像是傳奇》等作品。
由曾經在華特迪士尼動畫工作室與日本動畫公司Answer Studio的日本資深動畫師立中順平撰寫的速繪教學書
第一章節:速繪繪畫 P1-73.

Design College students’ Summer season Break

With summer break fast approaching, graphic design students like me are trying to figure out productive ways to spend their time. Work for money? Work for experience? Summer classes?

I’ve spent the past few months doing everything I can to
find an internship this summer. Finding a company that isn’t an MLM and will
actually pay good money for your design work is tough. Luckily, graphic design
is a field that’s in demand, so there are a lot of good options out there.

The other option for getting design experience during the summer
break is freelance work, but that comes with its own slew of issues. There’s
nothing worse than beginning to work with a client and getting excited for a
project just for them to look at you with a face like the Surprised Pikachu Meme
when you start to discuss cost.

With two weeks left in the semester, here’s hoping we figure
something out soon!