Sentence Construction Significance (Mailbox)

Mailbox Blog - Sentence Construction Significance (Mailbox)

How necessary is sentence construction?

[Remember, keep sending in your questions to chris.brecheen@gmail.com with the subject line “W.A.W. Mailbox.” I will use your first name ONLY, unless you tell me explicitly that you’d like me to use your full name or you would prefer to remain anonymous.  My comment policy also may mean one of your comments ends up in the mailbox. I usually do one a week, but we might step it up for a few weeks while I get my mojo back.]   

Cindy asks:

How important is it to get sentence construction proper lately? 

I lately relocated to Belgium for my husband’s job. We’re renting a home in the course of nowhere. It checks all of the desolate author packing containers: alone, deserted, wet climate and no job. Oh, and intermittent web. So after a long time of ready to seek out time to write down, right here I’m. However I lay awake at evening fearing I gained’t be capable to assemble a sentence. All I see is editors murdering my work with a crimson marker. 

Recommendation for the individuals afraid of grammar police, please and thanks. 

My reply:

Properly, you probably did simply high quality on this query, Cindy, so I believe there’s hope.

I’ve to ask, although, did you imply “sentence construction” as in SENTENCE STRUCTURE or did you imply “sentence construction” as in all types of grammar? So I’ll take this one bit at a time, however I really see three issues right here price discussing.

1-Sentence Construction

The construction of English is mostly fairly intuitive to native audio system and fairly so finally to people who immerse themselves as second language learners (reasonably than attempting to translate of their head). It is at all times the identical sample (for any given language), which is why a five-year-old may make vocabulary errors however principally will get the construction proper. To provide a sentence extra element, you add phrases in an order that is likely to be tough for a local speaker to ARTICULATE, however that the majority will intuitively know the best way to do.

syn tree4 - Sentence Construction Significance (Mailbox)
Having flashbacks. So thanks for that, Cindy.

I took a category on this (“The Construction of English”) in school, and I did it for the worst motive conceivable for somebody with A.D.H.D.: as a result of it fulfilled a credit score and match right into a T/Th schedule–giving me 5 days off per week. My curiosity in linguistics is non-trivial however may be very informal, and this was A) not informal and B) clearly designed by somebody who thought there wasn’t sufficient math in English. To make issues worse, there was one check. One. That was the complete grade. We technically had a mid-term, as a result of division coverage required our grades be based mostly on not less than two assignments/checks, however it might solely depend if the grade on our remaining was worse. In any other case the whole class was this one check grade. I realized someplace round that midterm (on which I acquired a C) that this was solely “technically” an undergraduate class. It was “really” a type of courses that happy a prereq for the linguistics grasp that MOST individuals by no means took as undergrads, so that they ended up taking it throughout their first semester of grasp’s coursework. There I used to be, sitting within the room with a bunch of linguistics graduate college students who have been themselves confused out of their heads.

This class couldn’t have been extra my nemesis if I had designed it myself with the specific intention of thwarting me. I had no real interest in the topic. It occurred at 8am. The trainer had the inflection modulation of a white-noise machine. And I used to be not taking any Inventive Writing courses, so the entire semester felt like this big waste of the whole motive I used to be in school to start with.

Nevertheless it was outrageously exhausting. And whereas that might journey up most individuals, I’m a type of mutant weirdos who get all fucking cussed and stimulated when one thing is a believable however “very tough” problem. So fuck that “graduate class” proper in its boring ear. I used to be going to kick its ass.

My school expertise was many issues, and I put in a whole lot of work on a number of the papers I turned in, however due to my main (English), and the courses I’d take if given the selection, I did not actually have a whole lot of checks. So this was, by a number of orders of magnitude, the toughest check I had in my complete school profession. With papers, you write them, and you may have a look at them and say “this is not ok” and go make them higher. And often you have got a rubric, so you recognize precisely what the paper is required to do. And you’ll simply hold making it higher. With a check….you by no means QUITE know when you’ve studied sufficient. I principally locked myself in a room with some snack meals for FOUR DAYS and put within the largest, finest, most unbelievable examine session I had ever executed or would ever do in my ENTIRE LIFE. And I rocked that check. To at the present time, that class was one among my proudest A’s. 

Okay, that was approach an excessive amount of story time. Sorry Cindy. Let’s get again to your query…

How necessary is that this construction? 

Fairly goddamned necessary.

It is the explanation people who find themselves simply translating of their head sound WRONG after they say issues in English. It is also the explanation automated translators (like a lot of the on-line ones) nonetheless sound fairly clunky. The phrases are all out of order. As a result of different languages have a unique grammatical sentence construction. It is the explanation we make jokes about how Yoda talks. As a result of in English we principally at all times put a topic earlier than the verb–even if the topic is a filler (It’s raining), the topic is implied (crucial case), or the topic is NOT the agent (passive voice). You need not perceive that final sentence to know that Yoda sounds humorous, however I am telling you it is as a result of his sentence construction at all times places the Verb Phrase earlier than the Noun Phrase performing as the topic.

If you recognize what you are doing if you break the sentence construction, you possibly can earn it.  Annie Proulx gained a U.S. Nationwide E book Award and a Pulitzer Prize for The Transport Information and, like, half the sentences in it didn’t have topics. (They weren’t in crucial case both, when you’re questioning.) You might inform what the topic was as a result of it was borrowed from the sentence earlier than (or earlier than that or earlier than that), but it surely was a really jarring learn for a number of chapters, as English fairly effectively insists on topics to the purpose of placing filler topics when discussing climate or time. Annie Proulx is not simply making errors, although. She is aware of what she’s doing.

For those who’re a local speaker or a fluent second language speaker although, I am fairly positive you are going to be high quality or principally high quality. In that complete class I didn’t discover ways to write* a lot as discover ways to label, perceive, and categorize issues that I, as a local speaker, intuitively understood already.

*I may also say this. Due to that class I’ve a MUCH larger understanding of highschool grammar (and its limitations). Significantly due to its introduction to the idea of “agent,” I lastly, comprehensively, definitively perceive passive voice. 

2- Normal Grammar (*salute*)

Now when you’re asking me about normal grammar (*salutes*), issues get dicey. That you must realize it. However you most likely already DO learn about 90% of what it is advisable know. You simply do not KNOW that you recognize it. Certain, it generally helps to know the distinction between a subordinating conjunction and a conjunctive adverb, however I promise it would not actually come up if you’re really writing (and sadly not at events after I’m chatting up the women both!). 

It is LESS necessary that you just get these things completely proper than precise “sentence construction.” I make sufficient cash to stay (outdoors of the Bay Space and some different cities) with nothing however my writing revenue, and I begin sentences—even PARAGRAPHS—with coordinating conjunctions on a regular basis (for, and, nor, however, or, but, so). I’ve additionally learn sufficient to know principally what I can get away with and what I am unable to. Some guidelines are archaic dinosaurs that have to be taken out again behind the chemical shed (ending a sentence with a preposition is completely one thing fashionable readers will put up with), some are exhausting and quick and can make you look fairly silly when you break them (like use the incorrect type of a phrase), and a few are extremely contextual (like when to boldly cut up an infinitive and when it sounds awkward to unthinkingly and whereas being unaware of the ramifications accomplish that).

Discover that I did not say I might “studied sufficient grammar” to know which of them I might get away with. That is as a result of that is not what provides you a SENSE of what you will get away with. You need to get that from studying. Quite a bit. 

However upon getting a very good instinct of which guidelines are extra versatile, you may solely ever annoy blue-hair English academics. And the possibilities are, you already know most of what you will get away with. 

3-Editor Concern

You are afraid of editors, Cindy.

As gently as I can put this: cease that.

Editors are your folks. As a normal rule, editors don’t homicide work; they breathe life into it. They’re the healer in your raid get together. They’re the medic in your platoon. You’ll be able to’t do it with out them. (You technically may be capable to, however you should not. I imply you actually actually actually should not. If you wish to be printed historically or—when you self-publish—learn by quite a lot of family and friends, you should not.) I am unable to stress sufficient how necessary they’re for even a veteran author. All of us have concepts we could possibly be expressing higher.

Editors learn your work, work out what you MEANT, and show you how to to say it even BETTER. My editor takes my jumbled ideas which can be generally a disorganized splat and spins them into gold. I’m SO a lot better a author due to her efforts. Not simply due to the commas I neglect after introductory dependent clauses (though, sure, additionally that), however as a result of she pays consideration to what the topic was after I’m writing one among my prolix sentences and tells me when the verb and topic do not agree. And even MORE as a result of she says, “I believe you meant this” or “this is not clear.” (And much more extra extra so when she says “I am actually unsure that is what you need to be saying about this subject,” however not each editor goes to have the ability to content material edit whereas they line edit and/or copyedit.)

Nonetheless, the times of crimson ink that means that you just’re getting a worse grade are over, Cindy. Now it is only a shade that you may’t miss as your eyes flick over the web page. Consider your editor like the only finest skilled colleague you could possibly ever hope for. They’re there to make you higher. (And in the event that they’re any good, they so, completely, unbelievably will.)  

Now I’ll point out one factor as a result of it is a very ubiquitous false impression. You need to fastidiously edit BEFORE you submit. A writer’s editor is there to shine your silver, not discover your six errors on web page one. That shit will simply get your submission spherical filed. However editors are completely well worth the funding, and you may most likely discover somebody who will commerce or work a deal if you cannot afford one outright. 

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That is the spherical file, in case you did not know.

So yeah. Relying on what you imply, “sentence construction” is both necessary or VERY necessary, however you may need a greater sense of it than you suppose you do, and even when you DON’T, I’ll sing “Do not Concern the Editor” to the tune of “Do not Concern the Reaper” the place I attempt to crassly cram “editor” down into two syllables so it’ll scan. 

However there might be a lot cowbell, you will not even discover.

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find the cost of your paper

Is Huge Information Corrupting the U.S. Election Course of?

As the 2020 election cycle ramps up, voters can expect a flurry of targeted advertisements fueled by big data on their doorsteps, inboxes and social media feeds. While microtargeting based on demographic information is not a new trend in campaign strategy, campaigns traditionally relied on analyzing voter behavior within broader categories such as age or gender before big data was easily accessible.

Contributor
Molly Kozlowski

立中式速繪 動態姿勢繪圖技巧 ポーズが描ければ 動きも描ける たてなか流クイックスケッチ


作者: 立中順平  
出版社:楓書坊 |譯者: 游若琪
出版日期:2020/09/30
ISBN:9789863776314
規格:平裝 / 217頁 / 19 x 25.7 x 1.08 cm / 普通級 / 部份全彩 / 初版
定價:420元|優惠價:79折332元
購買請點我【 博客來書店
▲從部落格連接至博客來購買商品▲
部落格會獲得一些回饋金,幫助我挖更多坑。謝謝。
◆注意,如果有瀏覽器有安裝檔廣告的程式 連接AP 有可能失效◆ 

●本書特色
  ◎從心態及觀念養成開始,1-5分鐘,新手也能立馬上手的「立中式速繪教學」。
  ◎58部插圖教學影片免費下載,新手可一步步反覆學習,書末更附有作品集供創作者參考。
  ◎3大章節、逾200張速繪圖,講解觀察人物技巧、速繪重點及提升風格的小撇步。
速繪人物的基礎三堂課:
  ➊ 建立正確的心態
  不要想畫「正確」,而是要「輕鬆地多畫一些」,
  所謂的觀察力,只是「知識」和「經驗」的累積,
  熟悉自然就會,真的畫不出來的時候,只觀察也行。
  因為#魅力十足的圖,和技巧或常識毫無關係。#
  藉由觀察獲得的經驗和記憶,會轉換成「現實感」並活在作品中。
  不斷畫速繪,就能培養出短時間內掌握特徵的能力。
 
  ➋ 練習簡單畫全身的速繪技巧▁▁火柴人練習
  ⑴ 將全身分成15個部位,
  用2D畫全身,
  「頭 部、胸部、骨盤」是橢圓形。
  「上臂、下臂、大腿、小腿、手、腳」是線條。
  用D字形畫胸廓、軀幹和髖部,塑造印象,
  部位和部位之間留下空白,
  就能輕鬆畫出姿勢。
 
  ⑵ 注意基本結構,不要注意輪廓和細節
  看全身:那個人在做什麼?你有什麼感覺?
  看部位:位置和傾斜度?有什麼功用?
  簡單大膽地畫,鎖定在動作和使用身體的方式。
 
  ⑶ 立體化
  畫出火柴人的2D表現方式,稱作Shape,
  接下來要把平面添加立體的資訊,
  讓Shape有厚度(深度),
  只要畫出縱向的中心線,以及表示膨度的橫向曲線,
  就能變成有厚度和方向性的立體物。
 
  ⑷ 創造不對稱平衡
  全身的節奏和動線是一種流線感。
  盡量避免線條左右對稱,
  大原則是:弧線的對面必然是直線。
 
  ➌掌握印象,最後的風格和情緒添加
  這個人正在做¬「什麼」(動作)?他有「什麼樣」的感受(感情)?
  動作和感情,就是本書所說的動態。
  習慣用少量線條畫全身的思考方式後,就加入動線(flow)的觀點吧!
  不同的曲線會流暢地引導視線。
  彎度深的曲線會用慢節奏,彎度淺的曲線會用快節奏來引導視線。
  將線條加上粗細,就會產生強弱,成為更有趣味性的圖。
 
  本書從心態建立到步驟教學,
  不到20秒就能完成一幅速繪,
  附上58張速繪插圖影片,
  從空白至完稿,一筆一畫的繪畫過程全呈現,
  供學習者一遍一遍觀看臨摹,
  零基礎也沒問題。
 
  每次畫的速繪都是僅有一次的體驗,
  是當下你所能畫出的線條所構成的,
  請輕鬆享受速繪的樂趣吧!
 
◆作者簡介    
立中順平    
  日本岡山縣人。
  1993年開始在Disney Animation Japan擔任動畫師。
  後來進入Answer Studio,目前是自由工作者。
 
  曾參與《跳跳虎歷險記》(Disney)、《棒球大聯盟》(電視版)、《鑽石王牌》、《YURI !!!on ICE》、《佐賀偶像是傳奇》等作品。
 
  目前以動作作畫導演的身分參與各個作品的製作,是負責運動動畫動作表現的資深動畫師。
▼黑介紹
由曾經在華特迪士尼動畫工作室與日本動畫公司Answer Studio的日本資深動畫師立中順平撰寫的速繪教學書
教學主張「不要只在意正確,而是要畫出具有魅力的人物。」
在正確的觀念下,不斷的練習速繪,來培養出掌握特徵的能力。
本書分3個章節
第一章節:速繪繪畫 P1-73.
1-1:速繪的觀念介紹
1-2:速繪人物的重點
1-3:掌握印象
第二章節:繪畫技巧P75-145.
2-1:速繪的各種技巧
2-2:身體局部與衣服
2-3:邁向下一步,動態的掌握
第三章節:速繪作品集P151-218.
收錄立中老師3年來的速繪作品。
▼黑書評
多數速寫教學書都很吃繪畫基礎,在沒有人物基礎的前提下會很難入門。
本書教學另闢蹊徑在以沒有基礎的前提下,講解如何學習速繪
內文資訊量雖然大,但搭配簡化好上手的範例
對新手來說比較好入門,實際操作也不會太挫折
推薦給想讓人物動態更有魅力的學習者們~
這本很不錯用~~~

Design College students’ Summer season Break

With summer break fast approaching, graphic design students like me are trying to figure out productive ways to spend their time. Work for money? Work for experience? Summer classes?

I’ve spent the past few months doing everything I can to
find an internship this summer. Finding a company that isn’t an MLM and will
actually pay good money for your design work is tough. Luckily, graphic design
is a field that’s in demand, so there are a lot of good options out there.

The other option for getting design experience during the summer
break is freelance work, but that comes with its own slew of issues. There’s
nothing worse than beginning to work with a client and getting excited for a
project just for them to look at you with a face like the Surprised Pikachu Meme
when you start to discuss cost.

With two weeks left in the semester, here’s hoping we figure
something out soon!