4 Issues a Novel Should Have.

Consider all of the issues a chunk of fiction should have. Who can ever get all of it proper? For instance, we’re instructed to excel at plot, character, setting, perspective, dialogue, battle, rigidity, pacing, and elegance. If it’s science fiction, add cool science concepts and scope. The listing is lengthy and demanding.

The excellent news is {that a} novel doesn’t should have all the pieces proper.

Keep in mind Randall Jarrell’s fantastic line: “A novel is a story of a sure size with one thing fallacious with it.” So right here’s Kay’s Rule of Imperfection: You don’t have to do all the pieces supremely effectively. Optimize what you possibly can and forgive your self for the remainder.

As a result of the pursuit of perfection results in many an unfinished novel.*

So the place does this go away us in our writing course of, our present novel? For starters, we will have a look at our strengths and capitalize on them. Don’t attempt for profound for those who’re blind to character. You may write, for instance, The Da Vinci Code. In case your plot may be described as serviceable, however you’re very good with tone and temper, you may write, for instance, Jonathan Unusual and Mr Norell. You probably have a knack for nice characters and likewise love a excessive stakes plot, you can have written Adrian J. Walker’s good The Finish of the World Operating Membership. For those who actually get romance and tips on how to fold it into your favourite style–corresponding to fantasy–you are able to do no higher than to take a look at the way it’s performed in  A Discovery of Witches by Deborah Harkness.

Nonetheless not sure what to focus on? OK, I’ll exit on a limb and offer you my true, no-holds-barred-real recommendation. Listed here are the largest issues I feel a novel a ought to have.

Originality.

Publishers search for an thrilling premise. It doesn’t should be good, but it surely does should shine! Don’t quick change your writing with a weak or warmed-over idea. Preserve digging till you discover an intriguing premise. Suppose Diana Gabaldon, Outlander collection; Robert Repino’s Morte (Conflict With No Title.)  Not each premise could be as authentic as: “Dinosaur DNA retrieved from amber.” However don’t accept plain.

Vivid Surroundings.

One of many worst errors aspiring novelist’s make is a bland setting. This can be a actual crime in science fiction, after all, however true for each story. For heaven’s sake, take us someplace fascinating–such because the places of work of a high-powered legislation agency or a small city within the Fifties. Even someplace terrible: Annihilation by Jeff VanderMeer. Or the post-apocalyptic world of The Finish of the World Operating Membership.

Charismatic Lead Character.

We’ve heard this one million occasions. Make your lead character somebody we need to be with. Sure, however how? Give them one or two defining qualities that make them somebody who will take motion and be worthy of the story drawback you’ve created. Inside demons? Maybe. I desire one thing extra refined, like being one-sided or unknowing not directly. Beware an excessive amount of weak spot. The most important character must have charisma. For those who don’t give them a particular capability, give them a driving want. For a stunning stability of energy and psychological denial see Diana in A Discovery of Witches.

Momentum.

Focus your story round an issue. Have sufficient obstacles to maintain your main character challenged and rising in talent and information to create a personality arc. Escalate the depth all through the center fifty % of the novel. Issues come up from battle, typically conflicting agendas Which means that you must actually nail the forces of opposition. To deepen the battle sufficiently, be sure one thing  necessary is at stake. You don’t want meaningless motion to tart up scenes, however you do want plausible, escalating rigidity. That’s a excessive bar. Goal excessive.

You could not come anyplace close to to doing these 4 issues supremely effectively. However readers could very effectively love a novel with two of those nice strengths. Nail three, and it separates you from the pack. Give readers 4 and also you’re within the realm of nice storytelling.

* The caveat goes with out saying, however let me say it anyway. This presumes you might have studied your craft. Study what you don’t know. That’s, research to fill the gaps in your information about storytelling. My newest favourite on this subject: Nice Novels Don’t Write Themselves by Larry Brooks.

The put up 4 Issues a Novel Should Have. first appeared on Writing the World, the Official Web site of Kay Kenyon.

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Is Huge Information Corrupting the U.S. Election Course of?

As the 2020 election cycle ramps up, voters can expect a flurry of targeted advertisements fueled by big data on their doorsteps, inboxes and social media feeds. While microtargeting based on demographic information is not a new trend in campaign strategy, campaigns traditionally relied on analyzing voter behavior within broader categories such as age or gender before big data was easily accessible.

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Molly Kozlowski

立中式速繪 動態姿勢繪圖技巧 ポーズが描ければ 動きも描ける たてなか流クイックスケッチ


作者: 立中順平  
出版社:楓書坊 |譯者: 游若琪
出版日期:2020/09/30
ISBN:9789863776314
規格:平裝 / 217頁 / 19 x 25.7 x 1.08 cm / 普通級 / 部份全彩 / 初版
定價:420元|優惠價:79折332元
購買請點我【 博客來書店
▲從部落格連接至博客來購買商品▲
部落格會獲得一些回饋金,幫助我挖更多坑。謝謝。
◆注意,如果有瀏覽器有安裝檔廣告的程式 連接AP 有可能失效◆ 

●本書特色
  ◎從心態及觀念養成開始,1-5分鐘,新手也能立馬上手的「立中式速繪教學」。
  ◎58部插圖教學影片免費下載,新手可一步步反覆學習,書末更附有作品集供創作者參考。
  ◎3大章節、逾200張速繪圖,講解觀察人物技巧、速繪重點及提升風格的小撇步。
速繪人物的基礎三堂課:
  ➊ 建立正確的心態
  不要想畫「正確」,而是要「輕鬆地多畫一些」,
  所謂的觀察力,只是「知識」和「經驗」的累積,
  熟悉自然就會,真的畫不出來的時候,只觀察也行。
  因為#魅力十足的圖,和技巧或常識毫無關係。#
  藉由觀察獲得的經驗和記憶,會轉換成「現實感」並活在作品中。
  不斷畫速繪,就能培養出短時間內掌握特徵的能力。
 
  ➋ 練習簡單畫全身的速繪技巧▁▁火柴人練習
  ⑴ 將全身分成15個部位,
  用2D畫全身,
  「頭 部、胸部、骨盤」是橢圓形。
  「上臂、下臂、大腿、小腿、手、腳」是線條。
  用D字形畫胸廓、軀幹和髖部,塑造印象,
  部位和部位之間留下空白,
  就能輕鬆畫出姿勢。
 
  ⑵ 注意基本結構,不要注意輪廓和細節
  看全身:那個人在做什麼?你有什麼感覺?
  看部位:位置和傾斜度?有什麼功用?
  簡單大膽地畫,鎖定在動作和使用身體的方式。
 
  ⑶ 立體化
  畫出火柴人的2D表現方式,稱作Shape,
  接下來要把平面添加立體的資訊,
  讓Shape有厚度(深度),
  只要畫出縱向的中心線,以及表示膨度的橫向曲線,
  就能變成有厚度和方向性的立體物。
 
  ⑷ 創造不對稱平衡
  全身的節奏和動線是一種流線感。
  盡量避免線條左右對稱,
  大原則是:弧線的對面必然是直線。
 
  ➌掌握印象,最後的風格和情緒添加
  這個人正在做¬「什麼」(動作)?他有「什麼樣」的感受(感情)?
  動作和感情,就是本書所說的動態。
  習慣用少量線條畫全身的思考方式後,就加入動線(flow)的觀點吧!
  不同的曲線會流暢地引導視線。
  彎度深的曲線會用慢節奏,彎度淺的曲線會用快節奏來引導視線。
  將線條加上粗細,就會產生強弱,成為更有趣味性的圖。
 
  本書從心態建立到步驟教學,
  不到20秒就能完成一幅速繪,
  附上58張速繪插圖影片,
  從空白至完稿,一筆一畫的繪畫過程全呈現,
  供學習者一遍一遍觀看臨摹,
  零基礎也沒問題。
 
  每次畫的速繪都是僅有一次的體驗,
  是當下你所能畫出的線條所構成的,
  請輕鬆享受速繪的樂趣吧!
 
◆作者簡介    
立中順平    
  日本岡山縣人。
  1993年開始在Disney Animation Japan擔任動畫師。
  後來進入Answer Studio,目前是自由工作者。
 
  曾參與《跳跳虎歷險記》(Disney)、《棒球大聯盟》(電視版)、《鑽石王牌》、《YURI !!!on ICE》、《佐賀偶像是傳奇》等作品。
 
  目前以動作作畫導演的身分參與各個作品的製作,是負責運動動畫動作表現的資深動畫師。
▼黑介紹
由曾經在華特迪士尼動畫工作室與日本動畫公司Answer Studio的日本資深動畫師立中順平撰寫的速繪教學書
教學主張「不要只在意正確,而是要畫出具有魅力的人物。」
在正確的觀念下,不斷的練習速繪,來培養出掌握特徵的能力。
本書分3個章節
第一章節:速繪繪畫 P1-73.
1-1:速繪的觀念介紹
1-2:速繪人物的重點
1-3:掌握印象
第二章節:繪畫技巧P75-145.
2-1:速繪的各種技巧
2-2:身體局部與衣服
2-3:邁向下一步,動態的掌握
第三章節:速繪作品集P151-218.
收錄立中老師3年來的速繪作品。
▼黑書評
多數速寫教學書都很吃繪畫基礎,在沒有人物基礎的前提下會很難入門。
本書教學另闢蹊徑在以沒有基礎的前提下,講解如何學習速繪
內文資訊量雖然大,但搭配簡化好上手的範例
對新手來說比較好入門,實際操作也不會太挫折
推薦給想讓人物動態更有魅力的學習者們~
這本很不錯用~~~

Design College students’ Summer season Break

With summer break fast approaching, graphic design students like me are trying to figure out productive ways to spend their time. Work for money? Work for experience? Summer classes?

I’ve spent the past few months doing everything I can to
find an internship this summer. Finding a company that isn’t an MLM and will
actually pay good money for your design work is tough. Luckily, graphic design
is a field that’s in demand, so there are a lot of good options out there.

The other option for getting design experience during the summer
break is freelance work, but that comes with its own slew of issues. There’s
nothing worse than beginning to work with a client and getting excited for a
project just for them to look at you with a face like the Surprised Pikachu Meme
when you start to discuss cost.

With two weeks left in the semester, here’s hoping we figure
something out soon!